The national flag of Cuba (Spanish: Bandera de Cuba) consists of five alternating stripes (three blue and two white) and a red equilateral triangle at the hoist, within which is a white five-pointed star.It was designed in 1849 and officially adopted May 20, 1902. It's a group of more than 7,000 islands in the Caribbean Sea scattered southeast of Gulf of Mexico, east of Central America, and north of South America. Term 4 The same pulsating dance rhythms may still be found in parts of Africa, but the dances have been altered by contact with other cultures and races. This influence combined with the countries own unique twists ensured that Cuba was often that place to be for the rich and famous. The "rumba influence" came in the 16th century with the … During the paseo, dancers don't dance. In fact, flamenco music didn't even formally hit the Spanish music scene until around the beginning of the 19th century, centuries after the evolution of other traditional Spanish music. The Dominican Republic shares the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola with its neighbour Haiti. [33], This article is about the genre of Latin music. Developed in Matanzas in the late 19th century, the danzónis now the official dance of Cuba. The mambo is believed to have been named after the voodoo priests who thought they could send dancers into … Three Music compels your body to move. The mambo dance that was spearheaded by Pérez Prado and was popular in the 1940s and '50s in Cuba, Mexico, and New York is completely different from the modern dance that New Yorkers now call "mambo" and which is also known as salsa "on 2". Chemistry? According to some experts, the dance was first invented by Sebastiano Carezo in 1780. The Dominican dance consists of three steps with a Cuban hip motion, followed by a tap including a hip movement on the 4th beat. The Rumba is often referred to as the "grandfather of the Latin dances." The territory that is now Cuba was inhabited by the Ciboney Taíno people from the 4th millennium BC until Spanish colonization in the 15th century. Perez Prado is credited as having created the dance, although modern mambo is starkly different from the mambo that was started by Prado. The Canary dance Term 3 There's discussion about whether reggaeton originated in Panama or Puerto Rico because the first beats came from Panama but some of its popular sounds come from Puerto Rico. Mambo is a musical genre and dance style that developed originally in Cuba. A practitioner of this dance is called a b-boy, b-girl, or breaker. The Cuban bolero tradition originated in Santiago de Cuba in the last quarter of the 19th century;[5] it does not owe its origin to the Spanish music and song of the same name. Originating in Cuba, it first came to the United States in the early 1920s. The Spanish Bolero dance was a dance that combined the 'contrandanza' and 'sevillanas' dances. Before the mambo, salsa and pachanga became popular, Rumba was also known as the style of music commonly heard in Cuba. According to some experts, the dance was first invented by Sebastiano Carezo in 1780. This is one of the few Spanish dances that are made for solo dancers. Maybe you’re one of the 2.5 million tourists descending on Cuba each year for the year-round warm beaches, ropa vieja (shredded beef) and parties.. Or, maybe, as is the case with me, more and more Cubans just seem to be popping into your social circle.. And, if none of that applies, you still need to learn Cuban Spanish, because this little island has some of the best music on the planet. Best known for the dancers’ subtle side to side hip movements with the torso erect, the rumba is danced with a basic pattern of two quick side steps and a slow forward step. In some spanish countries especially friends/ family parties kids just imitate what adults do and start dancing to latin music. [10][11][12][13] Several lyric tenors also contributed to the popularization of the bolero throughout North and South America during the 1930s and the 1940s through live concerts and performances on international radio networks. Reggae singer. Punto campesino (peasant dances) emerged from the interaction of Spanish music with Afro-Cuban culture. However, while most of Spain's regional dance and music fly well beneath the international music radar, flamenco has become a recognizable sensation around the globe. The primary language spoken in Cuba is Spanish.. Other Latin American Countries that speak Spanish include Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Still slower is the "Danzon", the dance of wealthy Cuban society. Before we get to dancing, let's define Caribbean geography. These dances include the zapateo, yambú, and danzón, which was the first Cuban dance where couples touched one another. EMIGRATION FROM SPAIN In the first century of Spain's presence in the New World, many of the explorers and soldiers came from Andalucía (in the South) and Extremadura (in the West), two of the poorest regions of the country. Yuli: this portrait of Carlos Acosta and Cuba is a dance film like no other Ballet and film complement each other perfectly in a biopic of the superstar dancer that captures life under Castro’s rule Media Sound & Culture in Latin America & The Caribbean. History of Salsa Dance. This form received the name of "salsa on 2", "mambo on 2" or "modern mambo". Rumba has roots in Afro-Cuban religion, but its modern repertoire is secular. Cuban dancers would describe mambo as "feeling the music", in which sound and movement were merged through the body. The dance is accompanied by castanets while playing the Andalusian national song. Paso doble was one of the many Spanish folk dances associated with various aspects of Spanish life. Dance lessons were advertised in the newspaper, music labels put out mambo records, and New York’s famous Broadway dance hall, the Palladium Ballroom, became a mecca for renowned performers. The Ca… Best known for the dancers’ subtle side to side hip movements with the torso erect, the rumba is danced with a basic pattern of two quick side steps and a slow forward step. Although many other simpler and more easily preformed types of dances caused the ballroom dances to lose some of their influence, modern worldwide dancing audience started resurrecting these immortal dances in ever increasing pace. 9) Mambo . 1. As recently as the second world war, the "Son" was the popular dance of middle class Cuba. While Columbus's wild promises of huge deposits of gold and other riches failed to materialize, the Spanish still made comfortable profits from tobacco, sugar, and ranching in the Caribbean. The original ballroom dance which emerged in Cuba and Mexico was related to the danzón, albeit faster and less rigid. Dancing Casino is an expression of popular social culture; Latin Americans consider casino as part of social and cultural activities centering around their popular music. Sometimes, you want to get up and dance. Although the main growth was in Cuba, there were similar dance developments which took place in other Caribbean islands and in Latin America generally. Salsa originated in the 1900s in Cuba, where rhythms from the two main existing styles of music in the region (Cuban Son and Afro-Cuban rumba) were combined to create a new dance. The two dances are different in both origins and style. The bolero is a type of dance found in both Cuba and Spain – although both have distinct origins. Bolero refers to two distinct genres of slow-tempo Hispanic music and their associated dances. Mambo as a music and dance genre developed in Cuba in the late 1930s, combining danzón with traditional African rhythms. The tempo for dance is about 120 beats per minute. Perez Prado is credited as having created the dance, although modern mambo is starkly different from the mambo that was started by Prado. A short history of the music traditions of Cuba. Reggae developed in the 70's in Jamaica and has gone through numerous changes since then, having been combined with other sounds and rhythms. The dance is of moderate pace and is accompanied by guitar music and castanets, and is usually performed either by a soloist or by a couple. The two dances are different in both origins and style. The RazzM'Tazz version is closer to the Palladium mambo (from the Palladium ballroom in the 1950s), whose basic step was in turn derived from Cuban son, with which it shares its timing (234 - 678, with pauses on 1 and 5) both styles derived from the American Mambo with the freestyle steps based on jazz and tap steps. Fandango. Salsa originated in the 1900s in Cuba, where rhythms from the two main existing styles of music in the region (Cuban Son and Afro-Cuban rumba) were combined to create a new dance. With them came the Contradanza, their European-based popular dance music. This style is sometimes danced to mambo music, but more often to salsa dura (old-school salsa). Before that, just as in many other countries, traditional folk dances for each region were popular. Danzon songs are all made up of two sections: a short paseo and longer melody. The official language spoken in Cuba is Spanish and it is the first language of about 90 percent of the entire population. [1] In the 19th century there grew up in Santiago de Cuba a group of itinerant musicians who moved around earning their living by singing and playing the guitar. This came about in the early 1930s when a simple overall term was needed to market Cuban music to audiences unfamiliar with the various Cuban musical terms. The Bantu people were also known as the Congos in Cuba. Lists of music used in competitions for American Rhythm Bolero are available. Spanish is Cuba’s official language but the present administration has not … SalsaSalsa is one of the most dynamic and important musical phenomena of the 1900’s. It has Spanish and African elements, but it is one of the quintessential genres of Cuban music. It divides into three main dances: the guaguancó (a flirtatious couple dance), yambú (a slower couple dance) and columbia (an acrobatic solo male dance). [8] In the early 20th century the bolero reached Puerto Rico and Mexico, where it was popularized by the first radio stations around 1915. [1] Professional dance teachers in the US saw this approach to dancing as "extreme", "undisciplined", and thus deemed it necessary to standardize the dance to present it as a salable commodity for the social and ballroom market. These so called basic salsa steps are that salsa is almost always a partnered dance involving two people, where there is a lead and a follow that dance by utilizing a plethora of various movement combinations. The Dominican dance consists of three steps with a Cuban hip motion, followed by a tap including a hip movement on the 4th beat. Basically , what looks like to be some spanish kids dancing like how adults do. Some Cuban composers of the bolero are primarily considered trovadores. Examples would be: The lyrics of the bolero can be found throughout popular music, especially Latin dance music. Although there are no local dialects, the island’s diverse ethnic groups have influenced speech patterns. [9], Some of the bolero's leading composers have come from nearby countries, as in the case of the prolific Puerto Rican composer Rafael Hernández and the Mexican composers: Agustín Lara and María Grever. The origins of Cuban dancing date back to colonization, when the Spanish arrived with new instruments (guitars and violins) and different melodies. In recent years however, bolero had grown popular again, as more overseas singers performed in Vietnam. It originated in the 19th century as a combination of Spanish verse & chorus, and African vocals and drumming. Thus, by the time of Franco’s death in 1975, flamenco had established itself in the music and dance world as a prominent form of art and culture, synonymous with Spanish … The Bolero that was invented in Spain during the 18th Century and the Bolero that originated in Cuba. [18][19][20] Their collaborations in New York City with such musicians as Alfredo Antonini, Terig Tucci, Elsa Miranda and John Serry Sr. on the CBS radio show Viva América also introduced the bolero to millions of listeners throughout the United States. José Loyola comments that the frequent fusions of the bolero with other Cuban rhythms is one of the reasons it has been so fertile for such a long period of time: This adaptability was largely achieved by dispensing with limitations in format or instrumentation, and by an increase in syncopation (so producing a more afrocuban sound). The vocal parts involve a leader and chorus. The first step is typically taken on the first beat, held during the second beat with two more steps falling on beats three and four (cued as "slow-quick-quick"). "Cuban Pete" was named "the greatest Mambo dancer ever" by Life magazine and the legendary Tito Puente. This dance originated in Cuba during the 1940s. Flamenco. Three Jive dancing originated in the U.S. and was made popular by the African American community. Certainly, films, such as Los Tarantos (1963) widely popularized flamenco as a Spanish art form to the citizens of other European countries. Rumba consists of voice and percussion, including tumbadores, high-pitch conga drum, and palitos (sticks beaten against the body of one of the drums). They're all part of Caribbean dance. Cuba - Cuba - Languages: Spanish is the principal language of Cuba. From Havana Pérez Prado moved his music to Mexico, where his music and the dance was adopted. Pedro Aguilar was nicknamed "Cuban Pete" and el cuchillo for his mambo dance style. The original mambo dance was characterized by freedom and complicated foot-steps. [32] Popular music for this dance style need not be Latin in origin. The dance consists of four primary elements: toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes/suicides. Africans, in particular, have greatly enriched the vocabulary and contributed the soft, somewhat nasal accent and rhythmic intonation that distinguish contemporary Cuban speech. The lead dancer is the one responsible for guiding the couple and responsible for choosing and initiating transitions for dance … Flamenco dance, as one-third of the quintessential Spanish phenomenon of flamenco, has an extensive historical background that parallels the cultural development of Spain itself. The origins of the name Casino are derived from the Spanish term for the dance halls where a lot of social Salsa dancing was done in Cuba during the mid-20th century and onward. Eddie Torres describes his version as a "street" style he developed out of what he saw on the Bronx streets. After the Fall of Saigon, many Vietnamese migrated to the United States, taking their music with them. 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