The argots of sports, jazz, business, politics, or any specialized groups abound in figurative language. What are the figures of speech? Two more figures of speech which are related are the hyperbole and understatement.These two terms are basically opposites. Figures of Speech. Basically, it is a figurative language that may consist of a single word or phrase. How to Use Figures of Speech. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. Of course, Bradbury is only stating that a book is a loaded gun as a means of figurative, not literal meaning. A common figure of speech often uses an inanimate object. Figures of speech are literary devices intended to make language more interesting, intense or colorful. A figure of speech relies on such. This figure of speech is partly pleasure and partly business. Updates? A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is not intended to be interpreted literally. Forming an integral part of language, figures of speech are found in oral literatures as well as in polished poetry and prose and in everyday speech. 2. They are chiefly used in poetry for the sake of vividness. Therefore, figures of speech are words or phrases used in a figurative sense for rhetorical or vivid effect. It may be a simile, a metaphor or personification to convey the meaning other than the literal meaning. To be able to use them well is an art, which can be mastered over time. These figures of speech add meaning to literature and showcase the power and beauty of figurative language. A type of scheme is polysyndeton, the repeating of a conjunction before every element in a list, where normally the conjunction would appear only before th… A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetorical effect. In a culture not influenced by classical Greece and Rome, some figures may be absent; irony is likely to be confined to fairly sophisticated cultures. Figure of speech definition: Figure of speech is the use of language to add richness to the literal meaning of words. The simile in the first two lines sets forth a comparison between the way “you” fits into the poet like a hook and eye closure for perhaps a garment. A figure of speech is something which is used to convey a more deep or intense meaning. If you do, take this quiz and learn how much more you know about literary terms. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This metaphor is particularly powerful because the comparison is so unlikely; books are generally not considered to be dangerous weapons. This effect may be rhetorical as in the deliberate arrangement of words to achieve something poetic, or imagery as in the use of language to suggest a … Figure of speech, any intentional deviation from literal statement or common usage that emphasizes, clarifies, or embellishes both written and spoken language. All languages use figures of speech, but differences of language dictate different stylistic criteria. This is an effective literary device for this novel because, in the story, books are considered weapons of free thought and possession of them is illegal. One bear told another that life without them would be grizzly. Both figures of speech have separate meanings, but they can be explained together. It is a phrase made up of two or more words which can add effect to the meaning of something and is used in a … This effect may be rhetorical as in the deliberate arrangement of words to achieve something poetic, or imagery as in the use of language to suggest a visual picture or make an idea more vivid. Let us take for example the phrase”fast like lightning”. The effect is further reflection…. However, the likening of Gatsby’s guests to moths also reinforces the idea that they are only attracted to the sensation of the parties and that they will depart without having made any true impact or connection. Whereas expository prose uses the sentence or paragraph as its basic unit, and narrative the episode or scene, the basic unit of poetry is the individual image or figure of speech.” Time is personified as an entity that “stumbled” and “had accidents.” This is an effective use of figurative language in that this personification of time indicates a level of human frailty that is rarely associated with something so measured. Though there are hundreds of figures of speech, below are 20 of the most common figures. Copyright © 2021 Literary Devices. Corrections? A figure of speech that resembles the metaphor is the simile. I heard she has cancer, but it’s not a big deal. Figures Speech. It can be a metaphor or simile that is designed to further explain a concept. In writing, when figures of speech are used effectively, these devices enhance the writer’s ability for description and expression so that readers have a better understanding of what is being conveyed. You will probably remember many of these terms from your English classes. There are a wide range of figures of speech … Sue won the lottery, so she’s a bit excited. That condemned house just needs a coat of paint. This second section on Figures of Speech are departure from the ordinary form of expression, or the ordinary course of ideas in order to produce a greater effect. Thus metaphors (implied resemblances) derived from human physiology are commonly extended to nature or inanimate objects as in the expressions “the mouth of a river,” “the snout of a glacier,” “the bowels of the earth,” or “the eye of a needle.” Conversely, resemblances to natural phenomena are frequently applied to other areas, as in the expressions “a wave of enthusiasm,” “a ripple of excitement,” or “a storm of abuse.” Use of simile (a comparison, usually indicated by “like” or “as”) is exemplified in “We were packed in the room like sardines.” Personification (speaking of an abstract quality or inanimate object as if it were a person) is exemplified in “Money talks”; metonymy (using the name of one thing for another closely related to it), in “How would the Pentagon react?”; synecdoche (use of a part to imply the whole), in expressions such as “brass” for high-ranking military officers or “hard hats” for construction workers. It’s important that writers construct effective figures of speech so that the meaning is not lost for the reader. Young adults are curious about the birds and bees (sex). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Arabic literature is rich in simile and metaphor, but the constructions used are so different from those familiar in the West that translation requires much adaptation. This can create a greater sense of engagement for the reader when it comes to a literary work. This simile, as a figure of speech, underscores the themes of superficiality and transience in the novel. Here are some common figures of speech: Metaphor: A metaphor is the comparison of two unlike things without the use of like or as. A figure of speech is a word or phrase that is used in a non-literal way to create an effect. Effective figures of speech often elevate the entertainment value of a literary work for the reader. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/art/figure-of-speech, figure of speech - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). As a literary device, figures of speech enhance the meaning of written and spoken words. Euphemism is a figure of speech that refers to figurative language designed to replace words or phrases that would otherwise be considered harsh, impolite, or unpleasant. It was just a figure of speech. It uses words to convey a figurative instead of a literal meaning. Greeting-card rhymes, advertising slogans, newspaper headlines, the captions of cartoons, and the mottoes of families and institutions often use figures of speech, generally for humorous, mnemonic, or eye-catching purposes. Here are some common examples of figures of speech used in writing: Simile is a figure of speech in which two dissimilar things are compared to each other using the terms “like” or “as.”, A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two different things without the use of the terms “like” or “as.”. 'Get up with the lark' is a figure of speech, meaning 'Get out of bed early'. Figures of Speech. Both described at the same time how it was always March there and always Monday, and then they understood that José Arcadio Buendía was not as crazy as the family said, but that he was the only one who had enough lucidity to sense the truth of the fact that time also stumbled and had accidents and could therefore splinter and leave an eternalized fragment in a room. Reader when it comes to a loaded gun this downplaying of reaction is a or... Cancer, but they can be a simile, as a figure of speech enhance the meaning of written spoken! 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